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Home > Literature List > Hydrolysis of Dicaffeoylquinic Acids from Ilex kudingcha Happens in the Colon by Intestinal Microbiota

Hydrolysis of Dicaffeoylquinic Acids from Ilex kudingcha Happens in the Colon by Intestinal Microbiota

Journal name:Agricultural And Food Chemistry
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jafc.6b04710?journalCode=jafcau
Date publication:December 5, 2016
Monocaffeoylquinic acids (mono-CQAs) can be hydrolyzed or metabolized by pancreatin, intestinal brush border esterase, and microbiota in the colon. Data about the conversion of dicaffeoylquinic acids (diCQAs) in digestion are scarce. The diCQA-rich fraction including 3,4-, 3,5-, and 4,5-diCQAs was prepared from Ilex kudingcha, and the conversion in simulated gastricintestine was investigated. Artificial saliva, gastric and pancreatic fluids, Caco-2 monolayer cells, and anaerobic fermentation model were utilized to mimic digestions of the oral cavity, stomach, small intestine, and colon in vitro. The results revealed that diCQAs remained intact in simulated saliva, gastric, and pancreatic fluids and within Caco-2 cells. In anaerobic fermentation with human fecal slurry, diCQAs were hydrolyzed to mono-CQAs and caffeic acid, which were further metabolized to caffeic acid and dihydrocaffeic acid, respectively. The hydrolysis of diCQAs depended on the chemical structures, carbohydrates in the culture medium, and microbial compositions. Our research demonstrated that hydrolysis of diCQAs happened in the colon by intestinal microbiota.

... Sigma Chemical Co., Ltd. (St. Louis, MO, USA). Standards of 3-CQA4-CQA, 78 5-CQA3,4-diCQA3,5-diCQA and 4,5-diCQA were obtained from Chengdu 79 Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd. (Chengdu, China). Folin-Ciocalteu reagent and formic 80 ...