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Home > Literature List > Synthesis and Evaluation of 131I-Skyrin as a Necrosis Avid Agent for Potential Targeted Radionuclide Therapy of Solid Tumors

Synthesis and Evaluation of 131I-Skyrin as a Necrosis Avid Agent for Potential Targeted Radionuclide Therapy of Solid Tumors

Journal name:Mol. Pharmaceutics
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.molpharmaceut.5b00630?journalCode=mpohbp
Date publication:December 8, 2015

Synthesis and Evaluation of 131I-Skyrin as a Necrosis Avid Agent for Potential Targeted Radionuclide Therapy of Solid Tumors

Cong Wang, Qiaomei Jin, Shengwei Yang, Dongjian Zhang, Qin Wang, Jindian Li, Shaoli Song,Ziping Sun, Yicheng Ni, Jian Zhang, and Zhiqi Yin

Abstract

An innovative anticancer approach targeted to necrotic tissues, which serves as a noncancerous and generic anchor, may present a breakthrough. Necrosis avid agents with a flat conjugate aromatic structure selectively accumulate in necrotic tissues, but they easily form aggregates that undesirably distribute to normal tissues. In this study, skyrin, a dianthraquinone compound with smaller and distorted π-cores and thus decreased aggregates as compared with hypericin (Hyp), was designed to target necrosis for tumor therapy. Aggregation studies of skyrin by UV/vis spectroscopy showed a smaller self-association constant with skyrin than with Hyp. Skyrin was labeled by iodine-131 with a radiochemical purity of 98% and exhibited good stability in rat serum for 72 h. In vitro cell uptake studies showed significant difference in the uptake of 131I-skyrin by necrotic cells compared to normal cells (P < 0.05). Compared in rats with liver and muscle necrosis, radiobiodistribution, whole-body autoradiography, and SPECT/CT studies revealed higher accumulation of 131I-skyrin in necrotic liver and muscle (p < 0.05), but lower uptake in normal organs, relative to that of 131I-Hyp. In mice bearing H22 tumor xenografts treated with combretastatin A4 disodium phosphate, the highest uptake of 131I-skyrin was found in necrotic tumor. In conclusion, 131I-skyrin appears a promising agent with reduced accumulation in nontarget organs for targeted radionuclide therapy of solid tumors.

Hyp (purity > 98%), which was purchased from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd (Chengdu, China).