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Home > Literature List > Casticin, a flavonoid, potentiates TRAIL-induced apoptosis through modulation of anti-apoptotic proteins and death receptor 5 in colon cancer cells

Casticin, a flavonoid, potentiates TRAIL-induced apoptosis through modulation of anti-apoptotic proteins and death receptor 5 in colon cancer cells

Journal name:Oncology Reports
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://www.spandidos-publications.com/or/29/2/474?text=fulltext
Date publication:November 7, 2012

Abstract

We investigated the effect of casticin on apoptosis induced by tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL). We found that casticin potentiated TRAIL-induced apoptosis in human colon cancer cells. Casticin downregulated cell survival proteins including Bcl-xL, Bcl-2, survivin, XIAP and cFLIP, and induced death receptor 5 (DR5), but had no effect on DR4 and decoy receptors (DcR1 or DcR2). Deletion of DR5 by siRNA significantly reduced the apoptosis induced by TRAIL and casticin. In addition, casticin induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in a dose-dependent manner. Collectively, the present study showed that casticin potentiates TRAIL-induced apoptosis through downregulation of cell survival proteins and induction of DR5 mediated by ROS.

Casticin was purchased from Chengdu Biopurify Phytochemicals Ltd., (Chengdu, China)