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Home > Literature List > The Antibacterial Effects of Apacaries Gel on Streptococcus mutans: An in vitro Study

The Antibacterial Effects of Apacaries Gel on Streptococcus mutans: An in vitro Study

Journal name:Int J Clin Pediatr Dent.
Literature No.:
Literature Url: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4212161/
Date publication:2014 Aug 29.


ABSTRACT

Background: New approaches for chemomechanical caries removal require effective materials with antibacterial properties for removal of infected dentin. Apacaries gel is a newly developed material comprised polyphenol from mangosteen extracts and papain mixed in gel preparation.

Aim: This study evaluated the antibacterial effects of Apacaries gel on Streptococcus mutans in vitro.

Materials and methods: Mangosteen pericarp powder was extracted. The amount of phenolic compounds was determined using the Folin-Ciocalteu method. The time-kill kinetics were investigated. Mangosteen extract and papain were mixed with gel base to develop Apacaries gel. The inhibition zone of the Apacaries gel was determined using agar well diffusion methods.

Results: The mangosteen pericarp extract, which contains α-mangostin, was active

α-mangostin (Biopurify, Chengdu, China) was used as reference compound.